What is a Keloid?
Keloid scars are scars that grow beyond the confines of the initial scar. Often, a keloid scar will be raised, shiny, purple or dark red, and may be painful, itch or burn. These abnormal scars may grow rather large and be cosmetically disfiguring or restrict normal movement as well as cause uncomfortable itching or pain to the affected skin.
Why do Keloid Scars Form?
We do not know exactly why keloid scars form on some people and not on others. We do know that patients with darker skin types tend to be more likely to develop keloids. We also know that keloid scars are most common on ears, chest, and shoulders but can occur on any part of the body. Keloids can form for many reasons such as a pimple or ingrown hair, surgical incision, injury, or even from a bump that does not even break the skin.
What can be done to treat or remove a keloid scar?
Keloid removal or treatment is customized to each patient. The right treatment depends on the specific location, the size of the keloid scar, age of the patient, just to name a few. For certain small keloids or those on the ear, the preferred treatment is often a series of steroid injections to reduce the size, color, and irritation of the scar. For larger keloid scars, treatment may require a combination of corticosteroid injections, surgical removal of excess tissue, and special wound dressing to inhibit regrowth of keloid tissue.
What type of results can I expect from keloid removal?
Typically, keloid removal results in a flattened scar with a light color that will eventually closely match the original skin tone. Most patients will also enjoy complete relief of itching, stinging, or burning that was associated with the keloid scar. Close follow-up is important to minimize the chance of recurrence, which is always a small possibility with any keloid scar.
An individual consultation will allow your surgeon to access your keloid and recommend the most effective treatment plan.